Updated: Jun 15, 2021
Every garden will benefit from early spring planting of peas.
In fact, peas have been grown as a cover crop and green manure since 4800 BC at least.
From ancient Egypt, across Mesopotamia, to India and China, they would typically be cultivated in order to save the dried seeds for more pea plants the next growing season.
Legumes are nitrogen fixers, and have been proven to increase the diversity of plants in areas that are otherwise struggling. This is why they have always been such an agricultural staple world wide. Whether you have a rich and lush garden, or one that is more like a sand bank, you ought to be sowing some peas.
If you are anything like me, as March rolls around you are dying to see life in your hibernating land. Peas are one of the first things that we can directly sow in early spring, as soon as the ground is thaw.
They work for you in multiple ways. Obviously, they help to enrich the soil. They also provide excellent flowers for pollinators at the onset of summer. They will encourage your polyculture garden all growing season long. Last but not least, you will finally be eating fresh produce from your garden again, two months after you plant them.
Peas will germinate easier if being soaked overnight in water. Then simply take a walk around the yard and plant them directly in the ground wherever you have bare soil. They grow up, so typically you can stake them to allow for vertical growth. This also means they can fit in just about anywhere you have a couple free inches of space.
Right now is the time; so get out there and go pea in your garden!